Administrations also differ in their approach to the requirements of legal education. Most states require law candidates to graduate from law schools accredited by the American Bar Association. Some states, such as California and Georgia, will, in certain circumstances, admit attorney candidates who have earned a law degree from non-accredited law schools. California, Maine, New York, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wyoming do not require a law degree at all, but alternatively a multi-year law degree — also known as a law reading — with a licensed attorney. Regardless of the legal education requirements, all members of the Bar Association must pass the Bar Exam. In some states, a lawyer may be admitted to the bar without taking the state bar exam. Wisconsin allows graduates of Wisconsin`s accredited law schools to become licensed lawyers without passing a bar exam. Other states offer reciprocity by accepting the results of the multi-state bar exam obtained in other jurisdictions or by waiving the bar exam requirement for experienced lawyers admitted to other jurisdictions. The American legal system has adopted this logic. Prior to 1828, states allowed practicing lawyers to determine the jurisdiction of potential lawyers.
The strict rules developed by lawyers at the time generally required a person to obtain a university degree and work as an apprentice lawyer for several years before being admitted to the practice of law. Since lawyers controlled who would get an apprenticeship, the general public perceived the system as meeting the needs of the elite. n. the examination, which is carried out in each State either by the highest court or, in the case of an «integrated» bar association, by the State Bar Association (subject to appeal to the State Supreme Court) for admission to the Bar. Exams vary in difficulty, but most involve up to three days of questions, many of which are essayists and present factual situations that require the ability to identify and analyze legal «problems» and have a thorough knowledge of various areas of law. Usually, there are multiple choice questions or true and false, depending on the condition. The pass/fail rate varies from state to state and from year to year. Some states, such as California, have a success rate of less than 60% of applicants, but allow multiple attempts. Other states insist on 90%.
To be eligible, one must have obtained a law degree (LLB or JD) from an established law school or, in some cases, prove that one has studied at the law school and/or with a lawyer for several years. In the latter case, it is often necessary to pass a preliminary examination to prove aptitude. Some states require a special bar exam for lawyers from other states, while others recognize out-of-state attorneys if they have a local residence. Passing a state bar exam automatically qualifies the attorney to practice in the federal courts of that district. (See: Lawyer) A review of some of the rumors surrounding the latest entry into the Star Wars canon. A decline in elitist attitudes around the election of President Andrew Jackson in 1828 led to a change in the system of issuing lawyers` licenses. State legislatures have separated from the authority granted to lawyers and have regained control of bar admission standards, which have become much less stringent and much less exclusive. Apprenticeship remained the most common form of legal education, but by 1860 only nine states required some form of legal training to be admitted to the bar. Written bar exams, if required, were superficial.
Each State has an interest in protecting its citizens by ensuring the quality and competence of the lawyers approved there. In addition to legal candidates who pass a difficult and comprehensive test of substantial legal knowledge, most jurisdictions also require proof of completion of an accredited law school and successful completion of a substantive character examination. With a few exceptions, only persons who meet these strict requirements and who are admitted to the bar by a state bar association are allowed to practice law in that state. Critics of this bar admission system argue that its real purpose is to reduce competition among lawyers by regulating the number of lawyers admitted to the bar. Bar exams are regulated by the states and their specific requirements vary from state to state. In general, they cover many legal topics and consist of multiple choice questions or essay questions or a combination. Most states run a standardized multiple-choice test, known as the multi-state bar exam, at least as part of the bar exam requirement. The administrative bodies established in each State generally regulate the norms and peculiarities of the bar examination. In keeping with the tradition of lawyers` self-regulation, these bodies are generally made up of at least some licensed lawyers. Counsel determines which legal issues are covered; what types of questions are asked; what evaluation methods are used; and the locations, dates and times of examinations. Almost all federal states require the multi-state bar exam as part of the exam. The multi-state bar exam contains two hundred multiple-choice questions covering six legal topics: contracts, constitutional law, criminal law and criminal proceedings, evidence, real estate, and tort.
Candidates have six hours to complete the exam, or 1.8 minutes for each question. This computer-based graduate test is offered twice a year, usually in July and February. Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Washington and Puerto Rico are the only U.S. jurisdictions that have not adopted the multi-state bar exam.